Jackson, A., & Davis, G. (2000).

Turning Points 2000: Educating adolescents in the 21st century.
New York: Teachers College Press.

This is a follow-up report of: Carnegie council on adolesent development (1989). Turning Points: Preparing American Youth for the 21st century. (A report of the task force on education of young adolesecents) (Carnegie Corporation of New York, publisher).

The follow-up report concludes that organizational restructuring of middle schools has not been enough to effect needed change and that teaching and learning processes themselves must receive more attention and be geared to clear goals. The report is notably explicit in identifying these goals: "[A]bove all else... middle grades schools must be about helping all students learn to use their minds well" (p. 11), and "The main purpose of middle grades education is to promote young adolescents' intellectual development." (p. 10)